The ice sheets of Antarctica could be stealing a stays of a long-lost continent, according to satellite information collected by a European Space Agency (ESA). Research published in Nature Scientific Reports used information collected by a Gravity margin and Ocean Circulation Explorer (GOCE) mission, a 4 year satellite plan to magnitude a lift of Earth’s gravity, that orbited a universe from Mar 2009 to Nov 2013.
Researchers are still digging by all of a information constructed by a GOCE mission, that is how a group from Kiel University in Germany and a British Antarctic Survey were means to mark shapes underneath a Antarctic ice. They total a GOCE information with seismological information to emanate a 3D map of a membrane underneath a Antarctic ice sheet. By regulating information on sobriety gradients, they were means to demeanour underneath a thick piece of ice that covers Antarctica and to see a Earth’s membrane beneath.
They found fractured layers of a planet’s membrane around Antarctica that resemble a membrane nearby to coastlines in other tools of a world, suggesting that these coastlines used to compare up. It is speculated that a cratons, that are an ancient partial of a Earth’s crust, used to be connected to other continents as partial of a supercontinent Pangea. In East Antarctica, a sobriety information shows a likeness between a membrane there and a membrane in Australia and India, indicating that these areas used to be connected. By contrast, West Antarctica has a thinner membrane with no cratons, suggesting that it contingency have been connected elsewhere.
These commentary are engaging not usually for geologists though also for a bargain of a story of a universe as a whole. The continents on a universe were expected assimilated as a singular continent Pangea adult until 160 million years ago when they started to bit and form a continents that we know today. The commentary also have a complicated relevance, as they surprise bargain of how ice sheets act and how Antarctic regions will respond to rising sea temperatures and melting ice.
You can see a cognisance of how image tectonics shaped a Antarctic segment and how Antarctica became distant from Australia and India in a video below: